5 Elements of Interior Design

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Written By BillyRichard

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The issue with Interior Design is that a lot it confuses. The latter describes decorating a living room with upholstery and furniture while the former refers to designing an entire living room from scratch. Interior Design is a science that’s bound by its elements and principles, and it isn’t as straightforward as one supposes it to be! Ordinarily designers go by the rule book that says that’There are 5 fundamentals of Interior Design and 5 components’.

We’re currently going to cover of the 5 components of design in this guide, followed by an article. Let’s begin!


Space is one of the elements of design. Space acts as a foundation on. It is vital that the designer is aware of its utilities, its dimensions and the space available. Space is divided into two types namely — 2 Dimensional Space which covers the floor (includes width and length ) and Three Dimensional Space which creates the living room (includes length, width and height). A space that’s essentially filled with items is a Space and a vacant space is a Space. An equilibrium must be kept between the negative and positive spaces and overcrowding or skimping on the items will affect this equilibrium.


Lines give birth to shapes and forms and are responsible for creating a sense of harmony, unity and contrast (3 of the 7 principles) in a living area. They act as guides of an interior area and specify shapes. Lines are categorized into three kinds — Dynamic, Vertical and Horizontal. While lines adorn structures enjoys tables, beds and chairs lines are seen on windows, doors and almirahs. Vertical lines emote expansive and free nature, while lines include a feeling to the space. Angular lines, which are activity or dynamic include drama and can be viewed on constructions like stairs. An Vancouver Interior Design must understand how to use the forms to be defined by these lines.


Forms mean shapes generally, a summary of any three dimensional object in the area. Types can be created by combining two or more shapes and may be accentuated with the aid of components. A form that is well-defined establishes harmony and forms that are extra add the space and balance. There are two kinds of forms — Geometric (man-made) and Organic (organic). Forms are categorized as open and shut; forms that were open are the ones which closed forms are and can be looked into. A solid comprehension of the above mentioned components i.e. line and space is needed to accomplish a goof form.


Lighting is one of the elements of design. Either man-made or natural, without different elements colour, pattern and texture don’t have any significance in any way. Light highlights the element including forms, line and distance and sets into a room in the ambience and mood. While positioning of doors and windows should care for the lighting lighting is divided into three types Task Lighting, Accent Lighting and Mood Lighting. Task light as its name suggests, includes sources such as bed and table lamps that have a goal, dedicated for a particular task. Lights are intended for highlighting display item or a specific piece such as structures, artworks, sculptures and so forth. Lighting or mood set the disposition of the room and illuminate the space.


Colors don’t require any introduction. Colors set the mood and establish an link between objects. Colors must be chosen depending on the mindset of the dweller and the psychology. Red is a superb selection for dining area as it promotes appetite and green for bedroom since it’s the color of tranquility and wellness. Each color has three attributes Value Hue and Intensity, and an interior designer must know of these characteristics to carry out combinations and many permutations. Colors are also and classified into colors sub-categorized into Analogous, Complementary, Tertiary and Monochromatic colors.